# Raphael Pie Chart Part 1

So awhile back I created a pie chart in raphael without the use of the SVG arc command. So, my old pie chart works, but it has lots of vector points – it’s all done with moveTo and lineTo. Rather than use the pie chart example from Raphael, I wanted to see if I could create my own from scratch. I got 80% there but then had to peak at how this (http://raphaeljs.com/growing-pie.html) example works. Here are a few arcs put together:

And here is the source code:

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 <!DOCTYPE html> <html lang="en"> <head> <meta charset="utf-8" /> <title></title> <script src="http://code.jquery.com/jquery-1.7.1.min.js"></script> <script src="raphael-min.js"></script> <script> \$(function(){   var p = new Raphael(0,0,"100%","100%");   p.path(arc(200,200,150,0,2) + arc(200,200,150,2,3) + arc(200,200,150,3,4.5) + arc(200,200,150,4.5,5) + arc(200,200,150,5,Math.PI*2)).attr("stroke", "white");   function arc(x, y, radius, start, end){ var f = ((end - start) > Math.PI) ? 1 : 0;   var sx = radius * Math.cos(start); var sy = radius * Math.sin(start); var ex = x + radius * Math.cos(end); var ey = y + radius * Math.sin(end);   var path = "M " + x + " " + y + " l " + sx + " " + sy + " A " + radius + " " + radius + " 0 " + f + " 1 " + ex + " " + ey + " z"; return path; }   }); </script> <style> body,html{ background-color : #333; } </style> </head> <body>   </body> </html>

SVG arc commands are pretty confusing. I had a few problems making this. The first was that I used “L” instead of “l”. Turns out “l” is relative positioning. Another problem was the large-arc-flag and the sweep-flag. I’m still not sure I fully grasp these.

Unlike the one in the example from raphaeljs.com I wanted my arc function to use radians. Over the years I’ve just gotten used to working in radians instead of degrees. I also prefer building a large string rather than using a series of arrays to define a path. Here is what the arc segment function looks like from raphaeljs.com:

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 r.customAttributes.segment = function(x, y, r, a1, a2) { var flag = (a2 - a1) > 180, clr = (a2 - a1) / 360; a1 = (a1 % 360) * Math.PI / 180; a2 = (a2 % 360) * Math.PI / 180; return { path: [ ["M", x, y], ["l", r * Math.cos(a1), r * Math.sin(a1)], ["A", r, r, 0, +flag, 1, x + r * Math.cos(a2), y + r * Math.sin(a2)], ["z"] ], fill: "hsb(" + clr + ", .75, .8)" }; };

I formatted this a bit for readability.